Statistics timeline

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Statisticians and mathematicians (1650 AD - Present)[edit]

The small 'o' above a person marks and links to an important reference for statistics.

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Period = from:1645 till:2020 TimeAxis = orientation:horizontal ScaleMajor = unit:year increment:20 start:1660

  1. there is no automatic collision detection,
  2. so shift texts up or down manually to avoid overlap

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 bar:Bar1 mark:(line,white) width:15 align:center fontsize:S
 from:1719 till:1772 color:full shift:(0,-5) text:Achenwall
 at:1749 shift:(0,5) text:["#gerstat"|o]
 from:1868 till:1931 color:full shift:(0,-5) text:Bortkiewicz
 bar:Bar2 mark:(line,white) width:15 align:center fontsize:S
 from:1820 till:1910 color:full shift:(0,-5) text:Nightingale
 at:1858 shift:(0,5) text:["#rose"|o]
 from:1918 till:2001 color:full shift:(0,-5) text:Anscombe
 at:1973 shift:(0,5) text:["#ansdata"|o]
 bar:Bar3 mark:(line,white) width:15 align:center fontsize:S
 from:1759 till:1823 color:full shift:(0,-5) text:Playfair
 at:1801 shift:(0,5) text:["#piechart"|o]
 from:1894 till:1981 color:full shift:(0,-5) text:Neyman
 at:1934 shift:(0,5) text:["#sampling"|o]
 bar:Bar4 mark:(line,white) width:15 align:center fontsize:S
 from:1796 till:1874 color:full shift:(0,-5) text:Quetelet
 from:1876 till:1947 color:full shift:(0,-5) text:Kuczynski
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 from:1907 till:1994 color:full shift:(0,-5) text:Kullback

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Year Author Remark Reference
1749 G. Achenwall Founder of the scientific statistics in Gemany Abriß der neuen Staatswissenschaft der vornehmen Europäischen Reiche und Republiken.
Since 1752: Staatsverfassung der Europäischen Reiche im Grundrisse.
1801 W. Playfair Earliest known use of pie charts Statistical Breviary; Shewing, on a Principle Entirely New, the Resources of Every State and Kingdom in Europe. London: Wallis.
1858 F. Nightingale Nightingale rose (polar area diagram) Notes on Matters Affecting the Health, Efficiency and Hospital Administration of the British Army.
1934 J. Neyman Groundbreaking paper for scientific sampling On the two different aspects of the representative method: The method of stratified sampling and the method of purposive selection. J. Roy. Statist. Soc. Ser. B 97 558–625.
1973 F. Anscombe Anscombe data for graphing data before regressing Graphs in Statistical Analysis, American Statistican, 27, 17-21

Statisticians and mathematicians (1700 BC - 1750 AD)[edit]

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 id:full        value:rgb(0.82745,0.82745,0.82745) #legend:Person_born_and_died_between_1650_AD_and_present


  1. there is no automatic collision detection,
  2. so shift texts up or down manually to avoid overlap

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 from:-1680 till:-1620 shift:(0,-4) color:full text:[1]
 from:-625 till: -547 shift:(0,-4) color:full text:[2]
 from:-428 till: -347 shift:(0,-4) color:full text:[3]
 from:-287 till:-212 shift:(0,-4) color:full text:[4]
 from:1719 till:end color:end shift:(0,-5) text:Achenwall #died 1772
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 from:-469 till:-399 shift:(0,-4) color:full text:[5]
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 from:-276 till:-194 shift:(0,-4) color:full text:[7]
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 from:-576 till:-495 shift:(0,-4) color:unsure text:[8]
 from:-490 till:-425 shift:(0,-4) color:unsure text:of Elea
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Books[edit]

References[edit]


Web resources[edit]